17 Apr 2021
November 16, 2012 - Filed under: Walnut — Mandy
  •  Walnut wood comes from the walnut family of trees called juglandaceae. There are different types of species classified in this family. The most popular are English walnut, black walnut and white walnut (butternut) trees. The most prominent type of walnut tree used for lumber is the American black walnut. This can be found in various places in North America. The wood follows a rich history. Even from colonial times, American families have used walnut wood for homes and barns.

Walnut wood has many uses. It is used to make furniture, wood crafts and musical instruments such as pianos.  The highest quality of walnut lumber can be made into veneers. Veneers are slices of wood with a thickness of approximately 1/28 inch. They are typically pasted to less expensive wood that serves as framework. These veneers can also be used as panels. Using veneers is the economical way of enjoying the luxury and stability of walnut furniture.

There are two different types of walnut lumber depending on the layer. The outer layer is called sapwood and the inner layer is called the heartwood. Walnut sapwood can be three inches in width and has a creamy white color. The walnut heartwood has a more dark brown color. The walnut wood surface reflects an extraordinary grain variation. Its rich and illustrious brown color lasts over time, that’s why it has become a favourite among carpenters and woodworkers.

Walnut wood is relatively easy to work with using power and hand tools. You can easily create crispy details after shaping, routing and sanding. It is inherently strong, stable and shock resistant. Compared to other wood types, walnut does not shrink or swell easily. These qualities are what cabinet makers seek. Walnut wood rarely has sap pockets so you can polish it really well. One of the biggest advantages in crafting this wood is that in most cases, you do not need to add a layer of stain on the wood to make it more appealing. Its natural color makes it attractive enough that you only need to apply a clear-coat finish.



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